Wood Species
USES: Plywood, general construction, furniture, fittings and used many other purposes.

RANGE: 70 species in Rubroshorea group of this genus in Thailand, Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines. One of woods imported to Japan in the largest amount among Seraya and Meranti, which is generally called Red mcranti. Usually Light red meranti and Dark red mcranti traded together, and also White meranti included and exact imported amount of this species not known.

PROPERTIES: Brittle heart (punky) noticeable in the cross action.

bark: Outer bark variable by species. Inner bark red, pink, pink brown or orange brown and fibrous.

wood: from light pink to dark red brown. Sonic heartwood distinct and some not from sapwood.

weight : A.D. 0.68 ~ 0.80 (Dark red meranti), 0.48.~ 0.74 (Red meranti).
grain : Interlocked.
texture : Coatse.
USES: Plywood, general construction, furniture, fittings and used many other purposes.

RANGE: About 10 species in Burma, Thailand. IndoChina, Malaya, Indonesia and the Philippines. P. malaanonan commercially best known. The name of White seraya used in Sabah as general name of logs in this genus. Much of Seraya and Meranti imported to Japan including Ibis wood, which amount is the largest and used most widely among tropical Asian logs. Logs of this genus traded together with Seraya and Meranti of Shores, generic name, and rarely assorted to this genus only.

PROPERTIES: Brittle heart (punky) noticeable in the cross section, sometimes with dark stripes.

bark: Usually thick and 2 ~ 3 cm. Outer bark grey brown with deep fissured cork. Inner bark grey white or grey brown and fibrous.

wood: heartwood not distinct. Dark colored con, centric stripes 5 ~ 10 cm apart noticeable, which is particular to thus species.

weight : A.D. 0.37 ~ 0.63 (P. malaanonan).
grain : Interlocked.
texture : Coarse.
USES: Plywood, general construction, furniture, fittings and used many other purposes.

RANGE: 39 species in Richetioides group of this genus in Thailand, Malaya, Sumatra. Borneo and the Philippines.Large amount imported to Japan from all over South East Asia. Logs of this group from moderately light and soft to heavy and hard, and from pale yellow to greenish yellow.Called Kuning or Meranti kuning, which means yellow in Indonesian.

PROPERTIES: Log surface yellow with greenish tinge usually white resin oozing out. And resin often oozing out only on sapwood of cross section.

bark: Similar to balks of other Meranti species in appearance, and yellow with green.

wood: Usually heartwood not distinct. Wood yellow with green and sapwood pale. Some dark and sonic pale.

weight : A.D. 0.40 ~ 0.82.
grain : Interlocked.
texture : Moderately coarse.
USES: Plywood, general construction, furniture, fitzings, and used particularly for its pale color.

RANGE: 25 species in Anthoshorea group of this genus from India and Burma to the Philippines, Borneo and Moluccas. Manggasinoro (S. philippinensis, S. polita) in the Philippines belongs to this group. The name of Melapi used generally for this group in Sabah, but logs from other than Sabah also called Nclapi in Japan. White meranti different from White seraya and White lauan, which quite often treated as While meranti in Japanese market, and care needed not to mix.

PROPERTIES: Cross section of log yellow white and wood surface usually reddish. Fresh face yellow white changing to brown in 30 minutes.

bark: Similar to Other Meranti species, and usually inner bark left on surface partially.

wood: Heartwood not dntmct. Wood pale yellow white.

weight : A.D. 0.54 ~ 0.91.
grain : Interlocked.
texture : Moderately coarse.
USES: Doorsills, basement, helves, pallets, package and fittings.

RANGE: 45 species in Shorea group of this genus from Ceylon and India to Malaya, Borneo, the Philippines and Moluccas. Sal (S. robusta) in India, Guijo (S. guise) in Philippine and Bangkirai (Shorca spp. including S. laevis) in Borneo best known in this group.Large amount imported to Japan from Sabah and Sarawak mixed with Meranti. Logs quite similar to Meranti and careful classification needed.

PROPERTIES: With smaller brittle heart (punky) than Meranti. Wood very hard,
which distinguishes Seraya.

bark: Similar to Seraya. Usually fibrous inner bark left on logs when imported.

wood: Yellow, yellow brown or red brown, and some greenish on surface. Heartwood somewhat distinct, and sapwood paler.

weight : A.D. 0.84 ~ 1.05.
grain : Interlocked.
texture : Moderately line or fine.
USES: Plywood, general construction and furniture. Not so much used for surface materials as compared with Other Meranti species.

RANGE: Malaya, Indonesia, the Philippines and Sabah. Belonging to Shores subgenus of this genus. Sometimes imported to Japan as Selangan batu merah but usually mixed considerably among Selangan batu.

PROPERTIES: Wood heavier and harder than Red seraya, and Moderately lighter and softer than Selangan batu.

USES: House basement, pallets, flooring, exterior boards and door-sills.

bark: Similar to Seraya group.

wood: Heartwood not distinct. Heartwood red brown or dark red brown and moderately darker than Red Seraya. Sapwood pale, greyish.

weight : A.D. 0.64' ~ 0.88
grain : Interlocked.
texture : Moderately fine.
USES: furniture, beds, sofas and plywood.

RANGE: About 100 species from South East Asia to the South Pacific regions, and also in Madagascar and South America. This log imported to Japan from South East Asia, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Is. One of the well-known logs in Japan.

PROPERTIES: Log surface with big or small waves, and brittle heart (punky) noticeable in the cross section.

bark: thick, sometimes up to 4 cm. Outer bark grey or grey brown with deep lengthwise fissures. Some presenting yellow partially. Inner bark brown or red brown and fibrous, and sometimes white or yellow white sap oozing out,

wood: heartwood somewhat distinct. Heartwood red or dark red, and sapwood somewhat pale becoming greyish when seasoned.

weight : AD, 0.54 ~ 0.81.
grain : Usually interlocked.
texture : Coarse.