Wood Species
USES: Furniture, drawers and boxes.

RANGE: 12 species in South Fast Asia.

PROPERTIES: Wood without bark very similar to Meranti in appearance, and brittle heart (punky) noticeable in the cross section. Logs in this genus known as light and soft wood. Some heavier lops sometimes divided into Geronggang batu.

bark: Outer bark pale brown or yellow brown with fissures, and inner bark pale red brown,

wood: Heartwood not distinct. Ileartwod pale pink or pale red brown. Sapwood somewhat pale becoming grey with lapse of nine, and with golden lustre.

weight : A.D. 0.43 ~, 0.61.
grain : Interlocked.
texture : Coatse.
USES: Handles, decoration and heavy construction.

RANGE: About 40 species in tropical America, tropical Africa. Madagascar and South East Asia. Small amount imported to Japan from Sabah and Sarawak.

PROPERTIES: With remarkable ripple marks.

bark: I ~. 1.5 cm thick, and considerately hard and smooth. Outer hark grey or Ivy brown and inner bark red brown or dark brown.

wood: Heartwood distinct in the cross section. Heartwood from red brown to dark brown, and sapwood pale yellow while becoming grey or brown when old.

weight : A.D. 0.76 ~ 1.06.
grain : Interlocked.
texture : Moderately fine or moderately coarse.
USES: Handles, decoration and heavy construction.

RANGE: Thailand, Java, Indo-China, Burma, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines. Merkus pine called Cambodian pine, Sumatra pine and Mindoro pine by their origins. Sometimes planted. In Indonesia this species planted for long. Now natural grown logs of large diameter imported to Japan front Laos.

PROPERTIES: Naturally grown tree, very similar to Iced pine in Japan.

bark: Grey or brown, and thick with deep fissures,

wood: Heartwood yellow or yellow red. Sapwood pale colored. When trees old heartwood dark colored.

weight : A.D. 0.39 ~. 0.42.
grain : Straight.
texture : Coarse.
USES: Handles, decoration and heavy construction.

RANGE: These genera growing mainly in the Southern Hemisphere, and Podocarpaceae from the temperate zone such as the Himalayas and Japan to the tropics, This wood is one of rare woods of coniferous trees as well as Apthis among tropical Asian logs. Not much imported, and used to mix in Agathis, Very similar to Agathis and difficult to distinguish.

PROPERTIES: Very similar to Agathis, but bark fibrous and whole wood tinged with yellow. Resin not oozing out like Agathis.

bark: 1 ~ 2 cm thick, and red brown with grey. Outer hark smooth and without fissures not like Agathis. Inner bark fibrous.

wood: lleartwood not distinct. Wood yellow white or yellow with pale peen. sometimes with pale brown. Growth rings sometimes noticeable and sometimes not.

weight : Light/soft or moderately heavy/hard. A.D. 0.42 ~ 0.63.
grain : Straight.
texture : Fine.
USES: Handles, decoration and heavy construction.

RANGE: About 115 species from South Fast Asia to the South Pacific regions, Large amount imported to Japan from wide areas of South Fast Asia and New Guinea. Well known in Japan and used widely. Nyatoh or Nato including Ganua, Lucuma, Madhuca and Payena, generic name, of the same family. Depending on origins and species, therefore Nyatoh having wide variations properties such as color tinge, weight and hardness. Accordingly uses and prices different.

PROPERTIES: Logs with fissures, and sometimes white sap oozing out.

bark: 1 ~ 3 cm thick. Outer bark usually brown. red brown or dark brown with black, and sometimes greyish with deep fissures. Inner bark brown or red brown and fibrous, and partially left on wood surface.

wood: Heartwood not distinct. Wood pale brown. pink, red, red brown or dark red brown, and sapwood moderately pale.

weight : Front moderately light/soft to heavy/hard. A.D.0,40 ~ 0.88.
grain : Straight or moderately interlocked.
texture : Coarse or moderately line.
USES: Boxes, furniture, plywood, building and doors. Substitute for Meranti.

RANGE: By some this species included in Heritiera, and 35 species of the genus, in Africa, South East Asia, the South Pacific regions and Australia. Mengkulang named for the logs from Tarrietia. Large amount imported to Japan from Sabah and Sarawak. Well known and widely used in Japan. Small amount from New Guinea.

PROPERTIES: Ripple marks noticeable on flatsawn face and sometimes traumatic resin canal in the cross section.

bark: 1 ~ 2 cm thick. Outer bark red brown with grey, sometimes with black, and falls off in pieces. Inner bark red brown or dark red brown and fibrous.

wood: Heartwood distinct. Heartwood red brown or dark brown and lustrous, Sapwood pale. and vessel red and other parts with golden lustre when fresh.

weight : Somewhat heavy/hard or moderate. A.D. 0.60 ~ 0.80.
grain : Interlocked or straight.
texture : Coarse.
USES: Furniture, cabinets, fittings, laminated wood and one of the most valuable woods.

RANGE: Two species except T. grandis known, but T. grandis by far superior to the other in value and fame. Teak growing in monsoon forest in Burma, India and Thailand. Also planted in the tropics of the. world for its high value, but rarely produced for market. Natural logs from Thailand and Burma, and planted logs from Java, which are well known in international market as planted wood.

PROPERTIES: Ring porous and annual ring visible. When wood surface rubbed, presenting greasy feeling and particular greasy smell.

bark: Scarcely left when imported to Japan.

wood: Heartwood distinct. Sapwood yellow white and heartwood golden brown or dark brown sometimes with dark stripes but variable by origin.

weight : Heavy/hard. A.D. 0.57 ~ 0.69.
grain : Straight.
texture : Coarse.
USES: Ships, general construction, furniture, cabinets, flooring. turnery, handles, athletic Instruments, panels and plywood.

RANGE: 25 species in Mexico, Cuba and in the tropics in South America. Courbaril best known in this genus and bound from southern Mexico to Central America, northern Brazil, Bolivia and Peru.

PROPERTIES: Generally 30 in in height and 0.6 ~ 1.2 in in diameter.

bark: Around 1 cut thick. Cuter bark grey brown with small fissures and small thin pieces stripped off. Inner bark hard fibrous and brown.

wood: Heartwood distinct. Heartwood brown or dark brown with golden lustre. Sapwood pale pink brown and red vessel lines visible.

weight : Heavy/hard. (A.D. 0.83 ~ 0.91.)
grain : Straight or interlocked.
texture : Moderately coarse or coarse.
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